Application of Convolutional Neural Networks to Predict Magnetic Fields’ Directions in Turbulent Clouds
Journal article, 2023

We adopt the deep learning method casi-3d (convolutional approach to structure identification-3D) to infer the orientation of magnetic fields in sub-/trans-Alfvénic turbulent clouds from molecular line emission. We carry out magnetohydrodynamic simulations with different magnetic field strengths and use these to generate synthetic observations. We apply the 3D radiation transfer code radmc-3d to model 12CO and 13CO (J = 1−0) line emission from the simulated clouds and then train a casi-3d model on these line emission data cubes to predict magnetic field morphology at the pixel level. The trained casi-3d model is able to infer magnetic field directions with a low error (≲10° for sub-Alfvénic samples and ≲30° for trans-Alfvénic samples). We further test the performance of casi-3d on a real sub-/trans- Alfvénic region in Taurus. The casi-3d prediction is consistent with the magnetic field direction inferred from Planck dust polarization measurements. We use our developed methods to produce a new magnetic field map of Taurus that has a three times higher angular resolution than the Planck map.


Duo Xu

University of Virginia

Chi Yan Law

European Southern Observatory (ESO)

Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Astronomy and Plasmaphysics

Jonathan Tan

Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Astronomy and Plasmaphysics

University of Virginia

Astrophysical Journal

0004-637X (ISSN) 1538-4357 (eISSN)

Vol. 942 2 95

Subject Categories

Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics



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