Joining and Reassembling of Wood
Book chapter, 2023

Commonly the raw material round timber is reduced into smaller parts such as solid wood boards, sheets of veneer, strands, particles, and fibers for further manufacturing and processing. In following steps, the single wooden pieces are joined together by adhesive bonding to achieve the final structures such as various types of wood laminations or wood-based panels. This chapter describes the various mechanical connecting and adhesive bonding solutions. Different mechanical connector systems are introduced in theory and practice. A major part of the chapter is dedicated to wood adhesion and the basic aspects of the wood-adhesive interactions. Various adhesive types, their chemistries, morphologies, and their processes of solidification and curing are introduced, and additionally their utility in wood bonding is emphasized. Different methods of assessing and testing bond strength are also presented.

Linear-friction wood welding, as an innovative approach for bonding, which is not yet fully established in practice, is also described. Pressing processes are indispensable in the various adhesive bonding processes of wood in order to produce wood-based materials from veneers, particles, and fibers. Different basic pressing types and press processes are given and are discussed with respect to their application.

Loading effects



Moisture durability



Adhesive-wood interaction


Joining wood

Heat durability

Particulate composite

Bond performance


Charles R. Frihart

USDA Forest Products Laboratory

Johannes Konnerth

University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU)

Andrea Frangi

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich (ETH)

Christian Gottlöber

Technische Universität Dresden (TU Dresden)

Robert Jockwer

Chalmers, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Structural Engineering

Frederic Pichelin

Bern University of Applied Sciences (BFH)

Springer Handbooks

25228692 (ISSN) 25228706 (eISSN)

978-3-030-81315-4 (ISBN)

Subject Categories

Architectural Engineering

Wood Science

Other Civil Engineering

Composite Science and Engineering



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