Design for adaptability, disassembly and reuse – A review of reversible timber connection systems
Review article, 2023

The building and construction (B&C) industry remains one of the highest greenhouse gas emitting and resource intensive sectors globally. Despite the recent trend to use renewable carbon sequestering building materials, such as timber, a paradigm shift is needed to transition the B&C industry towards an ‘absolute zero’ circular economy. Design for adaptability (DfA) allows buildings and their components to remain in use for longer by responding to changing environmental conditions and occupant needs. This paper provides a review of design principles to enable adaptability for timber buildings through design for disassembly (DfD) and reuse, as well as a systematic review of reversible timber connection systems that enable DfA and DfD.

Circular Economy

Design for Disassembly

Reversible Connections

Timber Buildings

Design for Adaptability


Lisa Mareike Ottenhaus

University of Queensland

Zidi Yan

University of Queensland

Reinhard Brandner

Technische Universität Graz

Paola Leardini

University of Queensland

Gerhard Fink

Aalto University

Robert Jockwer

Chalmers, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Structural Engineering

Construction and Building Materials

0950-0618 (ISSN)

Vol. 400 132823

Färdplan för anpassningsbarhet för träbyggnader

Formas (2021-02711), 2021-12-01 -- 2022-12-31.

Subject Categories

Building Technologies



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