Multifunctional carbon fibre composites using electrochemistry – A mini review
Journal article, 2024

Most products today have several functions, but these are achieved by integrating different monofunctional devices and/or materials in a system. Having several functions simultaneously in one single material has many potential advantages, such as a structural material that can also store energy, have self-sensing or self-healing capability or any other physical function. This would lead mass and resource savings, being more energy efficient and thus more sustainable. This paper presents a mini review on how carbon fibres can be used for integrating several functions simultaneously in a high-performance load carrying structural material using the electrical and electrochemical properties of carbon fibres. Through this carbon fibre composites can also store energy like a lithium-ion battery, be used as a strain sensor, have electrically controlled actuation and shapemorphing, and be used as an energy harvester.


Energy storage



Energy harvesting


Dan Zenkert

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)

Ross Harnden

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)

Leif Asp

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Material and Computational Mechanics

Goran Lindbergh

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)

Mats KG Johansson

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)

Composites Part B: Engineering

1359-8368 (ISSN)

Vol. 273 111240

Realising Structural Battery Composites

European Office of Aerospace Research and Development (EOARD) (FA8655-21-1-7038), 2021-08-01 -- 2024-07-31.

Multifunctional carbon fibres for battery electrodes

Office of Naval Research (N62909-22-1-2037), 2022-06-01 -- 2025-05-31.

Structural battery composites for mass-less energy storage

Swedish National Space Board (2020-00256), 2021-01-01 -- 2023-12-31.

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Innovation and entrepreneurship

Areas of Advance


Materials Science

Subject Categories

Energy Systems

Composite Science and Engineering



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