Including moorings in the assessment of a generic offshore wave energy converter: A frequency domain approach
Journal article, 2008
A method to include the influence of mooring cables in the frequency domain analysis of wave energy converters is presented. In brief the method consists of:
(i) A non-linear time domain solution of the mooring line in isolation and at an appropriate equilibrium condition. This is done by enforcing a sinusoidal displacement at the mooring attachment point in each translational degree of freedom. This is repeated at a number of frequencies.
(ii) The amplitude and phase of the resulting force is recorded, allowing the equivalent linear resistive and reactive contribution of the mooring line to be estimated separately. Using results at a number of frequencies, frequency dependent impedance properties of the mooring cable can be estimated.
(iii) Considering the attachment point and orientation of the mooring cables in a suitable equilibrium condition of the device, the contribution of each mooring cable is resolved to the global co-ordinates of the device and added to the frequency domain equation of motion.
The method here is applied to a generic wave energy device based on a truncated vertical cylinder of 100 tonne displacement. The results for the unmoored device are compared to the same device with moorings of varying configuration. The results indicate that moorings may have a significant impact on the performance of devices of this scale, both beneficial and detrimental. The introduction of mooring terms can upset device symmetry and introduce significant cross coupling in the overall mechanical impedance of the device. Arrangements where this can benefit as well as detriment performance are studied.