Experimental Study of the Far Field of Incompressible Swirling Jets
Journal article, 2008
The far field of an incompressible swirling jet has been studied using two-component laser Doppler anemometry.
Three pairs of symmetric injectors were used to produce weak-to-moderate swirling jets. Velocity profiles of the
mean and fluctuating streamwise and azimuthal velocity components were measured in jets with two swirl numbers
(S = 0.15 and 0.25) at axial locations up to 50 jet exit diameters. The velocity and turbulence intensity profiles,
centerline decay, and growth rates for the various swirling jets have been compared with those obtained in the same
facility without swirl (S = 0). Like the previous observations for the near jet, there was no observable effect on the properly scaled far jet for the S = 0.15 case. The results were virtually identical to the non-swirling jet. For the S = 0.25 case, the only statistically significant effect was a shift in the virtual origin (from x/D* = 0.75 to -2.9). The
recent predictions of equilibrium similarity theory were found to be in excellent agreement with the experimental
results. In particular, the mean azimuthal component of velocity falls off as the inverse square of the downstream
distance. By contrast, the mean stream-wise velocity and turbulence intensities fall off with the inverse of the
downstream distance. As a consequence, the mean azimuthal equation uncouples from the rest, and so the asymptotic
swirling jet behaves like the non-swirling jet.
Laser Doppler Anemometry