Introduction of a waste incineration tax: Effects on the Swedish waste flows
Journal article, 2007

A tax on waste-to-energy incineration of fossil carbon in municipal solid waste from households was introduced in Sweden on July 1, 2006. The tax has led to higher incineration gate fees. One of the main purposes with the tax is to increase the incentive for recycling of materials, including biological treatment. We investigate whether and to what extent this effect can be expected. A spreadsheet model is developed in order to estimate the net marginal cost of alternative waste treatment methods, i.e., the marginal cost of alternative treatment minus avoided cost of incineration. The value of the households' time needed for source separation is discussed and included. The model includes the nine largest fractions, totalling 85% (weight), of the household waste currently being sent to waste incineration: food waste, newsprint, paper packaging, soft and hard plastic packaging, diapers, yard waste, other paper waste, and non-combustible waste. Our results indicate that the incineration tax will have the largest effect on biological treatment of kitchen and garden waste, which may increase by 9%. The consequences of an incineration tax depend on: (a) the level of the tax, (b) whether the tax is based on an assumed average Swedish fossil carbon content or on the measured carbon content in each incineration plant, (c) institutional factors such as the cooperation between waste incinerators, and (d) technological factors such as the availability of central sorting of waste or techniques for measurement of fossil carbon in exhaust gases, etc. Information turns out to be a key factor in transferring the governing force of the tax to the households as well improving the households' attitudes towards material recycling. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

ENERGY

INSTRUMENTS

ENGLAND

MANAGEMENT

MSW

RECYCLING COLLECTION

waste incineration tax

waste management

SYSTEMS

PARTICIPATION

institutional aspects

waste-to-energy

SOLID-WASTE

Author

Jenny Sahlin

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

Tomas Ekvall

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

M. Bisaillon

Profu AB

Johan Sundberg

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

Resources, Conservation and Recycling

0921-3449 (ISSN)

Vol. 51 4 827-846

Subject Categories

Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering

DOI

10.1016/j.resconrec.2007.01.002

More information

Latest update

9/6/2018 1