A Defense-in-Depth Approach to Securing the Wireless Vehicle Infrastructure
Journal article, 2009
The automobile industry has grown to become an integral part of our everyday life. As vehicles evolve, the primarily mechanical solutions for vehicle control are gradually replaced by electronics and software solutions forming in-vehicle computer networks. An emerging trend is
to introduce wireless technology in the vehicle domain by attaching a wireless gateway to the in-vehicle network. By allowing wireless communication, real-time information exchange between vehicles and between infrastructure and vehicles become reality. This communication allows for road condition reporting, decision making, and remote diagnostics and firmware updates over-the-air. However, allowing external parties wireless access to the in-vehicle network creates a potential entry-point for cyber attackers. In this paper, we investigate the security issues of allowing external wireless communication. We
use a defense-in-depth perspective and discuss security challenges and propose solutions for each of the prevention, detection, deflection, and forensics approaches.
We stress the important need for applying security using the defense-in-depth principle.