Surface chemiluminescence of Cl-2 on potassium
Journal article, 2002
We have measured the initial (zero coverage) photon (1.5 < < 3.5 eV) and electron emission from the reaction of a Cl, molecular beam with a potassium surface for a range of molecular velocities (460 < v(CI2) < 1350 m/s). Three distinct features are observed: (1) A majority of the photons are emitted with hv > ePhi, where ePhi is the work function of K (=2.25 eV), i.e. energies where electrons can also be emitted. (2) The photon spectrum is shifted towards shorter wavelengths at higher Cl, velocities. (3) The photon yield varies only weakly with increasing, Cl, velocities. The photon and exoelectron emission observations are generally consistent with the basic picture that both electrons and photons are created by energetic (non-adiabatic) transitions from valence band states of potassium to a Cl 3p(5) hole state shifted up to similar to4 eV below the Fermi energy. The third point above, the weak variation of the photon emission yield with v(CI2), is in stark contrast to the exoelectron results, where a strong yield increase with the molecular velocity is observed. Details of the velocity dependence of photon and electron emission are still not fully understood, and require advanced calculations. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.