Massive MU-MIMO-OFDM Uplink with Hardware Impairments: Modeling and Analysis
Paper in proceedings, 2019
© 2018 IEEE. We study the impact of hardware impairments at the base station (BS) of an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM)-based massive multiuser (MU) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) uplink system. We leverage Bussgang's theorem to develop accurate models for the distortions caused by nonlinear low-noise amplifiers, local oscillators with phase noise, and oversampling finite-resolution analog-to-digital converters. By combining the individual effects of these hardware models, we obtain a composite model for the BS-side distortion caused by nonideal hardware that takes into account its inherent correlation in time, frequency, and across antennas. We use this composite model to analyze the impact of BS-side hardware impairments on the performance of realistic massive MU-MIMO-OFDM uplink systems.