RIGHT-HANDED TRIPLEX FORMED BETWEEN PEPTIDE NUCLEIC-ACID PNA-T(8) AND POLY(DA) SHOWN BY LINEAR AND CIRCULAR-DICHROISM SPECTROSCOPY
Journal article, 1993
The binding of an eightmer of peptide nucleic acid, H-T8-Lys-NH2 (=PNA-T8), to a polynucleotide, poly(dA), was studied by flow linear dichroism (LD) and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy. Whereas the single stranded DNA, due to its high flexibility, does not display any measurable LD signal when subjected to shear flow, the complex with PNA does. A titration shows that saturation occurs at a stoichiometry of two PNA thymine bases per DNA adenine base, indicating the formation of a triplex PNA2-DNA complex. The persistence length of the adduct remains small up to relatively high stoichiometries (above 1:1 T:A) indicating that no significant amounts of PNA:DNA duplex are formed. Instead triplex stretches seem to form surrounded by flexible parts of single stranded poly(dA). Upon approaching the stoichiometry 2:1 of T:A the LD increases dramatically demonstrating that the stiffness of the PNA-DNA triplex arises from base-base contacts preventing bending of the chain. It is also inferred that the main stiffness of duplex DNA very probably has a similar origin and is not primarily a result of the increased phosphate-phosphate repulsion. Circular dichroism spectra support the conclusion that a triplex is formed as the only PNA-DNA complex and that it is a right-handed helix. The wavelength dependence of the reduced linear dichroism shows that the inclination of the bases from perpendicularity relative to the helix axis is small. The base conformation of the poly(dA)[PNA-T8]2 triplex is very similar to that of the conventional poly(dA)[poly(dT)]2 triplex.