New developments on remote sensing studies of volcanic gas emissions by solar infrared spectroscopy
Paper in proceedings, 2011
In this contribution, we will present some recent developments made by our group on the application of solar occultation remote sensing to the measurement of volcanic gas emissions in the infrared spectral region. These include the automation of Fourier Transform Spectrometers (FTS) and novel methods for radiation collection and spectrometric analysis.
Solar FTS is a proven and versatile method for measuring volcanogenic gases. However, its relatively high cost and complexity on data collection and analysis have precluded its wider use by observatories as a permanent monitoring tool. We will present some results of a field experiment
performed at Popocatépetl volcano (Mexico) within the FIEL-VOLCAN project in April 2010, to show the feasibility of automating a solar FTS on volcanic settings to measure SO2/HCl molar ratios. The system includes a compact solar tracker for automatic radiation collection from a stationary point as well as an embedded computer for data acquisition. Data is evaluated off-line by using e.g., the Chalmers-QESOF program.
Further simplifications of the transfer optics and spectroscopic analysis have been investigated
by our group and their operation principles and preliminary results will be presented.