Superatom Representation of High-TC Superconductivity
Journal article, 2012
A “super-atom” conceptual interface between chemistry and physics is proposed in order to assist in the search for higher TC superconductors. The plaquettes generating the checkerboard superstructure in the cuprates, the C60 molecules in K3C60, and the Mo6S82- clusters in Chevrel phase materials offer such candidate super-atoms. Thus, in the present study high-TC superconductivity HTSC is articulated as the entanglement of two disjoint electronic manifolds in the vicinity of a common Fermi energy. The resulting HTSC ground state couples near-degenerate protected local super-atom states to virtual magnons in an antiferromagnetic AFM embedding. The composite Cooper pairs emerge as the interaction particles for virtual magnons mediated “self-coherent entanglement” of super-atom states. A Hückel type resonating valence bond RVB formalism is employed in order to illustrate the real-space Cooper pairs as well as their delocalization and Bose Einstein condensation BEC on a ring of super-atoms. The chemical potential uBEC for Cooper pairs joining the condensate is formulated in terms of the super-exchange interaction, and consequently the TC in terms of the Neél temperature. A rationale for the robustness of the HTSC ground state is proposed: achieving local maximum “electron correlation entropy” at the expense of non-local phase rigidity.
preformed Cooper pairs
Bose Einstein condensation