Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium for Mixtures of Ethylethylenediamine, Ethylenediamine, and Water
Journal article, 2013
he temperature and the composition of the vapor and liquid phases at equilibrium were measured at atmospheric pressure and (SO and 20) kPa for the binary mixtures: water (I) and ethylenediamine (2, EDA); water and ethylethylenediamine (3, EtEDA); and EDA and EtEDA. For the ternary mixture of water, EDA, and EtEDA, equilibrium conditions were measured at atmospheric pressure. The vapor pressure of EtEDA was measured in the temperature range from (358 to 402) K, and Antoine parameters were fitted to the data. Parameters for the universal quasichemical (UNIQUAC) equation are estimated from binary data and applied to the ternary mixture. It was shown that the mixture of EDA and EtEDA has a zeotropic pinch close to pure EDA. Furthermore, it was found that the ternary mixture has a saddle point azeotrope at a molar fraction of 0.24 of water, 0.62 of EDA, and 0.14 of EtEDA and a temperature of 392.6 K at atmospheric pressure. Thus, the volatility between EDA and EtEDA is reversed in the water-rich region, and EtEDA is the most volatile component close to the binary azeotrope between water and EDA. This is illustrated by univolatility lines in a ternary diagram.