Solvent effects on 15N NMR coordination shifts
Journal article, 2013

(15)N NMR chemical shift became a broadly utilized tool for characterization of complex structures and comparison of their properties. Despite the lack of systematic studies, the influence of solvent on the nitrogen coordination shift, Δ(15)N(coord), was hitherto claimed to be negligible. Herein, we report the dramatic impact of the local environment and in particular that of the interplay between solvent and substituents on Δ(15)N(coord). The comparative study of CDCl(3) and CD(3)CN solutions of silver(I)-bis(pyridine) and silver(I)-bis(pyridylethynyl)benzene complexes revealed the strong solvent dependence of their (15)N NMR chemical shift, with a solvent dependent variation of up to 40 ppm for one and the same complex. The primary influence of the effect of substituent and counter ion on the (15)N NMR chemical shifts is rationalized by corroborating Density-Functional Theory (nor discrete Fourier transform) calculations on the B3LYP/6-311 + G(2d,p)//B3LYP/6-31G(d) level. Cooperative effects have to be taken into account for a comprehensive description of the coordination shift and thus the structure of silver complexes in solution. Our results demonstrate that interpretation of Δ(15)N(coord) in terms of coordination strength must always consider the solvent and counter ion. The comparable magnitude of Δ(15)N(coord) for reported transition metal complexes makes the principal findings most likely general for a broad scale of complexes of nitrogen donor ligands, which are in frequent use in modern organometallic chemistry.


Nitrogen Isotopes

Fourier Analysis

Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy




Roland Kleinmaier

University of Gothenburg

Sven Arenz

University of Gothenburg

Alavi Karim

University of Gothenburg

Anna-Carin Carlsson

University of Gothenburg

Mate Erdelyi

University of Gothenburg

Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry

0749-1581 (ISSN) 1097-458X (eISSN)

Vol. 51 1 46-53

Subject Categories

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Chemical Sciences





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