Synthetic natural gas from wood: Reactions of ethylene in fluidised bed methanation
Journal article, 2013
The synthesis step in the production of synthetic natural gas from wood, i.e. the methanation, was investigated by systematic experiments with commercial nickel catalyst in a micro-fluidised bed reactor. Ethylene in the feed is always converted completely; dominantly serial reactions of ethylene to ethane and further to methane under isothermal fluidised bed methanation conditions could be shown. Lower temperatures favour the production of the intermediate ethane while high temperatures cause the formation of carbon depositions and carbon whiskers. Applying optimal operation conditions, the hydrogenation of the unsaturated olefin not only avoids the deposition of carbon or coke, but also leads to an increase of the higher heating value (HHV) of the produced (raw) SNG. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Synthetic natural gas (SNG)