The null-field approach in series form - the direct and inverse problems
Journal article, 1986
The direct and inverse scattering problem in two-dimensional acoustics at a fixed frequency are considered. It is shown how the null-field approach can be modified so that the Q matrix (which in a straightforward manner gives the transition matrix) is obtained as a series instead of an integral. For an obstacle which is a perturbation of a circle this series form gives an approximate, very explicit, expression for the transition matrix. A few numerical examples are given to show the utility and limitations of this approximation. For the inverse problem, the series form of Q gives a system of nonlinear polynomial equations which are solved by the imbedding method. Some numerical examples show that quite accurate results are obtained by this method in cases where the system of equations can be kept small. The linear approximation of the system of polynomial equations yields a method that works surprisingly well and which is also promising for the more difficult three-dimensional and vector problems.