Effects of continuous feedback on households’ electricity consumption: Potentials and barriers
Journal article, 2014

Two field experiments were carried out to study (a) the effects on energy savings of continuous visual feedback via in-home displays, and (b) the motives for responding or not. In study 1, 40 participants living in separate or semi-detached houses in two different towns participated. All participants received a questionnaire and a list of possible energy saving measures. Households were then randomly assigned to an experimental condition (display) or a control condition (no display). In study 2, 32 households in rented apartments participated. No significant differences between the conditions were found for either of the studies. In study 2, semi-structured interviews were conducted among nine of the households. Through an analysis of interview transcripts barriers were identified explaining why the feedback intervention was not sufficient to change behaviour and reduce consumption. The barriers experienced indicate that there is a risk of overconfidence in IHDs. For the development of energy policies and more wide-scale implementation, it is important to be aware of the potential obstacles to success.

Continuous feedback


Electricity consumption

In-home displays


Andreas Nilsson

University of Gothenburg

Cecilia Jakobsson Bergstad

University of Gothenburg

Liane Thuvander

Chalmers, Architecture, Architectural theory and methods

David Andersson

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Physical Resource Theory

Kristin Andersson

University of Gothenburg

Pär Meiling

Research - Architectural Theory and Method

Applied Energy

0306-2619 (ISSN)

Vol. 122 17-23

Subject Categories

Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)

Other Natural Sciences

Areas of Advance

Building Futures (2010-2018)




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