A novel method of DOA tracking by penalized least squares
Paper in proceedings, 2013
This work develops a new DOA tracking technique by proposing a novel semi-parametric method of sequential sparse recovery for a dynamic sparsity model. The proposed method iteratively provides a sequence of spatial spectrum estimates. The final process of estimating direction paths from the spectrum sequence is not considered. However, the simulation results show concentration of the spectrum around the true directions, which simplifies DOA tracking, for example, using a pattern recognition approach. We have also proved analytical results indicating consistency in terms of spectral concentration, which we omit in the interest of space and postpone to a more extensive work. The semi-parametric nature of the proposed method avoids highly complex data association and makes the method robust against crossing. The computational complexity per time sample is proportional to grid size, which can be contrasted to a single-snapshot LASSO solution that has a polynomial complexity order.