Elucidating the response of Kluyveromyces lactis to arsenite and peroxide stress and the role of the transcription factor KlYap8.
Journal article, 2014
All organisms need to sense and respond to a range of stress conditions. In this study, we used transcriptional profiling to identify genes and cellular processes that are responsive during arsenite and tert-butyl hydroperoxide exposure in Kluyveromyces lactis. Many arsenite-responsive genes encode proteins involved in redox processes, protein folding and stabilization, and transmembrane transport. The majority of peroxide-responsive genes encode functions related to transcription, translation, redox processes, metabolism and transport. A substantial number of these stress-regulated genes contain binding motifs for the AP-1 like transcription factors KlYap1 and KlYap8. We demonstrate that KlYap8 binds to and regulates gene expression through a 13 base-pair promoter motif, and that KlYap8 provides protection against arsenite, antimonite, cadmium and peroxide toxicity. Direct transport assays show that Klyap8Δ cells accumulate more arsenic and cadmium than wild type cells and that the Klyap8Δ mutant is defective in arsenic and cadmium export. KlYap8 regulates gene expression in response to both arsenite and peroxide, and might cooperate with KlYap1 in regulation of specific gene targets. Comparison of KlYap8 with its Saccharomyces cerevisiae orthologue ScYap8 indicates that KlYap8 senses and responds to multiple stress signals whereas ScYap8 is only involved in the response to arsenite and antimonite. Thus, our data suggest that functional specialization of ScYap8 has occurred after the whole genome duplication event. This is the first genome-wide stress response analysis in K. lactis and the first demonstration of KlYap8 function.