Oxidation behaviors and microstructural alterations of a Mo(Si,Al)(2)-based composite after heating at 1580 degrees C either in a furnace (ex-situ) or via alternating current (in-situ)
Journal article, 2015
The commercial heating element Kanthal Super ER (Mo(Si,Al)(2)-based composite) was oxidized at 1580 degrees C for 24 h up to 1 year using two methods: (1) a furnace set at the desired temperature, (2) passing an alternating current (AC) through the material. Initially, the oxidation behaviors appeared similar for the AC- and furnace-exposed materials. However, at longer exposure times, the level of Al depletion was more pronounced in the furnace-exposed material. A dense alumina scale formed with the same thickness during the two types of exposures, although a porous outer alumina scale was also formed on the composite that was heated in the furnace. The bulk microstructures were also different, in that dark regions in a circle were noted on the AC-exposed material, while the dark regions were evenly distributed on the furnace-exposed material. These dark regions consisted of agglomerated Mo-5(Si,Al)(3) and Al2O3. The AC-exposed material also has "bands" where Al2O3 have agglomerated.