Reading packages: social semiotics on the shelf
Journal article, 2015
Packaging is surrounded by many restrictions and at the same time is the subject of much innovative design solutions. It is an area that offers rich material for studying how signs and codes are transformed and generate new meanings. The purpose of this article is to show how semiosis is enacted in food packaging and to discuss the semiotic resources involved. Three topics are analysed: how greenwashing can be achieved with the help of graphic design, how symbols, icons and barcodes are used for communication and how the closure of beverage packages can convey meaning. The analyses show that making pastiches of or tweaking required information like ingredients lists, recycling symbols and barcodes can add another level of meaning to such information and make them useful for marketing purposes. The article further shows that a material resource like closure is a semiotic resource with as much potential as graphic design.