Proposal for a Frontal Impact and Compatibility Assessment Approach Based on the European FIMCAR Project
Journal article, 2013

The goal of the project FIMCAR (Frontal Impact and Compatibility Assessment Research) was to define an integrated set of test procedures and associated metrics to assess a vehicle’s frontal impact protection, which includes self- and partner- protection. For the development of the set, two different full-width tests (full-width deformable barrier [FWDB] test, full- width rigid barrier test) and three different offset tests (offset deformable barrier [ODB] test, progressive deformable barrier [PDB] test, moveable deformable barrier with the PDB barrier face [MPDB] test) have been investigated. Different compatibility assessment procedures were analysed and metrics for assessing structural interaction (structural alignment, vertical and horizontal load spreading) as well as several promising metrics for the PDB/MPDB barrier were developed. The final assessment approach consists of a combination of the most suitable full-width and offset tests. For the full- width test (FWDB), a metric was developed to address structural alignment based on load cell wall information in the first 40 ms of the test. For the offset test (ODB), the existing ECE R94 was chosen. Within the paper, an overview of the final assessment approach for the frontal impact test procedures and their development is given.


Heiko Johannsen

Technische Universität Berlin

Thorsten Adolph

Bundesanstalt für Strassenwesen (BASt)

Mervyn Edwards

TRL Limited

Ignacio Lazaro

Idiada Automotive Technology

Ton Versmissen

Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO)

Robert Thomson

Chalmers, Applied Mechanics, Vehicle Safety

Traffic Injury Prevention

1538-9588 (ISSN) 1538-957X (eISSN)

Vol. 14 1 105-115

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance


Subject Categories

Vehicle Engineering



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