What is the future potential for imports of combustible municipal waste to countries with extensive district heating networks? A case study of Denmark
Paper in proceedings, 2015

In Europe, landfilling is the most widely used method for managing municipal solid waste. By contrast, the northern European waste market is characterized by high capacities from energy recovery plants, mostly incineration in cogeneration facilities. In Denmark, there is an overcapacity of incineration plants and this study aims to analyse if import of waste is beneficial during an interim period to divert landfilling or if it might be profitable to invest in overcapacity in the long-term in those countries where heat from incineration can be recovered. The energy and waste management system are described through linking of mathematical models, taking a holistic approach. In the short-term it pays off to import waste, avoiding landfilling; however, in the longer-term, benefits from waste trading will depend on the price of heat markets.

waste import

systems engineering modelling


combustible waste


Amalia Pizarro

Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

Marie Münster

Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

Raffaele Salvucci

Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

Maria Ljunggren Söderman

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Environmental Systems Analysis

Hans Ravn

Ram-Lose Edb

Proceedings of Sardinia 2015 Fifteenth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium

Vol. 9788862650212

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Subject Categories

Environmental Engineering

Other Environmental Engineering

Energy Systems

Areas of Advance


More information

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4/8/2020 9