What is the progenitor of the Type Ia SN 2014J?
Conference contribution, 2015
We report the deepest radio interferometric observations of the closest Type Ia supernova in decades, SN 2014J, which exploded in the nearby galaxy M 82. These observations
represent, together with radio observations of SNe 2011fe, the most sensitive radio studies of a Type Ia SN ever. We constrain the mass-loss rate from the progenitor system of
SN 2014J lower than 7.0 × 10^(−10) M yr^(−1) (for a wind speed of 100 km s^(−1) ). Our deep upper limits favor a double-degenerate scenario–involving two WD stars–for the progenitor system of SN 2014J, as such systems have less circumstellar gas than our upper limits. By contrast,
most single-degenerate scenarios, i.e., the wide family of progenitor systems where a red giant, main-sequence, or sub-giant star donates mass to a exploding white dwarf, are ruled out by our observations. The evidence from SNe 2011fe and 2014J points in the direction of a double-degenerate scenario for both.