Effect of Nd-doping on structural, thermal and electrochemical properties of LaFe0.5Cr0.5O3 perovskites
Journal article, 2016
The structural, thermal and electrochemical properties of the perovskite-type compound La1-xNdxFe0.5Cr0.5O3 (x=0.10, 0.15, 0.20) are investigated by X-ray diffraction, thermal expansion, thermal diffusion, thermal conductivity and impedance spectroscopy measurements. Rietveld refinement shows that the compounds crystallize with orthorhombic symmetry in the space group Pbnm. The average thermal expansion coefficient decreases as the content of Nd increases. The average coefficient of thermal expansion in the temperature range of 30-850 degrees C is 10.12 x 10(-6), 9.48 x 10(-6) and 7.51 x 10(-6) C-1 for samples with x=0.1, 0.15 and 0.2, respectively. Thermogravimetric analyses show small weight gain at high temperatures which correspond to filling up of oxygen vacancies as well as the valence change of the transition metals. The electrical conductivity measured by four -probe method shows that the conductivity increases with the content of Nd; the electrical conductivity at 520 degrees C is about 4.71 x 10(-3), 6.59 x 10(-3) and 9.62 x 10(-3) S cm(-1) for samples with x=0.10, 0.15 and 0.20, respectively. The thermal diffusivity of the samples decreases monotonically as temperature increases. At 600 degrees C, the thermal diffusivity is 0.00425, 0.00455 and 0.00485 cm(2) s(-1) for samples with x=0.10, 0.15 and 0.20, respectively. Impedance measurements in symmetrical cell arrangement in air reveal that the polarization resistance decreases from 55 Omega cm(-2) to 22.5 Omega cm(-2) for increasing temperature from 800 degrees C to 900 degrees C, respectively.