Integrated economic and environmental assessment of waste policy instruments
Journal article, 2016

The need for new policy instruments supporting the on-going transition from end-of-pipe waste treatment to resource management has been recognized in European policy. Instruments need to be carefully assessed before implementation to promote the desired changes and avoid problem shifting. Mathematical models may assist policy makers in such assessments. This paper presents a set of soft-linked models for assessing the economic and environmental impacts of policy instruments for both the prevention and management of waste and discusses its strengths and limitations. Consisting of (1) a macro-economic model, (2) a systems engineering model for waste management and (3) a life cycle assessment model for waste management, the set is primarily suited to assessing market-based instruments and environmental regulations. Considerable resources were needed for developing and using the set, and there are clear limits as to what can be addressed. However, if only one of the models had been used, neither the range of instruments nor the scope of impacts would have been possible to cover. Furthermore, soft-linked models allow many disciplines to contribute within one harmonized framework. Such integrated assessments may become increasingly useful for continuing the implementation of policy for sustainable governance of society’s material resources.

CGE models

life cycle assessment

systems engineering models

waste management

life cycle sustainability analysis

waste prevention

waste policy


Maria Ljunggren Söderman

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Environmental Systems Analysis

Ola Eriksson

University of Gävle

Anna Björklund

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)

Göran Östblom

National Institute of Economic Research

Tomas Ekvall

IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute

Göran Finnveden

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)

Yevgeniya Arushanyan

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)

Jan-Olov Sundqvist

IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute


20711050 (eISSN)

Vol. 8 5 411- 411

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance


Subject Categories

Other Environmental Engineering



More information

Latest update

1/9/2019 2