Single photon emission from individual semiconductor nanostructures
Paper in proceedings, 2003
The correlation between the photons emitted by an optically pumped single quantum dot is investigated. The correlation function on a single dot isolated in a mesa shows that only one photon is emitted at a time at the exciton frequency. These quantum states of light can be generated with a high quantum efficiency, with the use of cavity effects: surrounding the dot by a pillar microcavity not only increases significantly the single photon flux but also allows the preparation of single photons all in the same quantum state (same spatial mode and same polarization). © 2002 Published by Elsevier Science B.V.
Interference of independent photons