Study of non-catalytic thermal decomposition of triglyceride at hydroprocessing condition
Journal article, 2016

Non-catalytic thermal decomposition of triglyceride is studied between 300 and 410 °C at 0.1 and 5 MPa in the presence of H2 or inert gas. This test is carried in tubular reactor filled with inert material (borosilicate glass pellet). The qualitative and analytical results showed that n-alkanes and alkenes with oxygenated olefins were primary products, consistent with thermal cracking to lighter hydrocarbons. The resulting outlet fuel gas obtained mainly from the radical reaction and had high concentration of CO, ethylene and methane. The decomposition forms a large number of radical compounds containing acids, aldehydes, ketones, aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbon groups. Lighter fraction contains mostly naphthenic group, and heavy fraction contains straight chain paraffinic hydrocarbons. When H2 partial pressure raised, the cracking of heavy fractions is low, and products contain low concentration of the lighter and gasoline fractions. Here, the thermal decomposition of triglyceride yields lighter fractions due to cracking, decarboxylation and decarbonylation.

Thermal decomposition


Cracking and radical reaction

Rapeseed oil



Shanmugam Palanisamy

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry

Börje Sten Gevert

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry

Applied Thermal Engineering

1359-4311 (ISSN)

Vol. 107 301-310

Subject Categories

Physical Chemistry



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