Fatigue assessment of high frequency mechanical impact (HFMI)-improved fillet welds by local approaches
Journal article, 2013
Local fatigue assessment methods like the structural hot spot stress and effective notch stress methods as defined by the International Institute of Welding are widely used by design engineers and researchers to assess the fatigue strength of welded components. This paper provides a comprehensive evaluation of published data for welded joints which had been improved using high frequency mechanical impact (HFMI) treatment. All of the published data for HFMI-treated welds are presented in terms of nominal stress. The goal of the current paper is to establish local fatigue assessment procedures for improved fillet welds. In total, 160 published experimental results for longitudinal and cruciform welds subjected to R = 0.1 axial loading are evaluated. Local stress quantities for each joint were assessed based on the finite element analyses and reported nominal stress values. A correction procedure for yield strength that was previously verified for nominal stress-based fatigue assessment is also applied to the local stress methods studied in this paper. For both the structural hot spot stress and effective notch stress methods, sets of characteristic fatigue strength curves as functions of yield strength are proposed and verified. The structural hot spot stress method includes one set of fatigue strength curves for load-carrying welds and a second set for non-load carrying welds. The effective notch stress method includes a single set of curves for all welds. All of the design curves proposed in this study are conservative with respect to available fatigue test data.
High frequency mechanical impact (HFMI)
Fatigue strength improvement
Structural hot spot stress
High strength steels
Effective notch stress