Compact self-grounded Bow-Tie antenna design for an UWB phased-array hyperthermia applicator
Journal article, 2017
Using UWB hyperthermia systems has the potential to improve the heat delivery to deep seated tumours. In this paper, we present a novel self-grounded Bow–Tie antenna design which is to serve as the basis element in a phased-array applicator. The UWB operation in the frequency range of 0.43–1 GHz is achieved by immersing the antenna in a water bolus. The radiation characteristics are improved by appropriate shaping the water bolus and by inclusion of dielectric layers on the top of the radiating arms of the antenna. In order to find the most appropriate design, we use a combination of performance indicators representing the most important attributes of the antenna. These are the UWB impedance matching, the transmission capability and the effective field size. The antenna was constructed and experimentally validated on muscle-like phantom. The measured reflection and transmission coefficients as well as radiation characteristics are in excellent agreement with the simulated results. MR image acquisitions with antenna located inside MR bore indicate a negligible distortion of the images by the antenna itself, which indicates MR compatibility.
near field performance indicators