Femtosecond X-ray Fourier holography imaging of free-flying nanoparticles
Journal article, 2018

Ultrafast X-ray imaging on individual fragile specimens such as aerosols 1 , metastable particles 2 , superfluid quantum systems 3 and live biospecimens 4 provides high-resolution information that is inaccessible with conventional imaging techniques. Coherent X-ray diffractive imaging, however, suffers from intrinsic loss of phase, and therefore structure recovery is often complicated and not always uniquely defined 4,5 . Here, we introduce the method of in-flight holography, where we use nanoclusters as reference X-ray scatterers to encode relative phase information into diffraction patterns of a virus. The resulting hologram contains an unambiguous three-dimensional map of a virus and two nanoclusters with the highest lateral resolution so far achieved via single shot X-ray holography. Our approach unlocks the benefits of holography for ultrafast X-ray imaging of nanoscale, non-periodic systems and paves the way to direct observation of complex electron dynamics down to the attosecond timescale.

Author

Tais Gorkhover

Stanford University

Technische Universität Berlin

Anatoli Ulmer

Technische Universität Berlin

Ken Ferguson

Stanford University

Max Bucher

Technische Universität Berlin

Stanford University

Argonne National Laboratory

Filipe R.N.C. Maia

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Uppsala University

Johan Bielecki

European XFEL

Uppsala University

Tomas Ekeberg

Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY)

Max F. Hantke

Uppsala University

Benedikt J. Daurer

Uppsala University

Carl Nettelblad

Uppsala University

Jakob Andreasson

Uppsala University

Chalmers, Physics, Condensed Matter Physics

Czech Academy of Sciences

Anton Barty

Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY)

Petr Bruza

Czech Academy of Sciences

Sebastian Carron

Stanford University

Dirk Hasse

Uppsala University

Jacek Krzywinski

Stanford University

Daniel S.D. Larsson

Uppsala University

Andrew Morgan

Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY)

Kerstin Mühlig

Uppsala University

Maria Müller

Technische Universität Berlin

Kenta Okamoto

Uppsala University

Alberto Pietrini

Uppsala University

Daniela Rupp

Technische Universität Berlin

Mario Sauppe

Technische Universität Berlin

Gijs Van Der Schot

Uppsala University

Marvin Seibert

Uppsala University

Jonas A. Sellberg

Uppsala University

AlbaNova University Center

Martin Svenda

Uppsala University

Michelle Swiggers

Stanford University

N. Timneanu

Uppsala University

Daniel Westphal

Uppsala University

Garth Williams

Stanford University

Brookhaven National Laboratory

Alessandro Zani

Uppsala University

H. N. Chapman

Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY)

Gyula Faigel

Hungarian Academy of Sciences

Thomas Möller

Technische Universität Berlin

Janos Hajdu

Czech Academy of Sciences

Uppsala University

European XFEL

Christoph Bostedt

Argonne National Laboratory

Northwestern University

Stanford University

Nature Photonics

1749-4885 (ISSN)

Vol. 12 3 150-153

Subject Categories

Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology

Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics

Other Physics Topics

DOI

10.1038/s41566-018-0110-y

More information

Latest update

4/10/2019