Realization of the resonant cold-electron bolometer with a kinetic inductance nanofilter for multichroic pixels
Journal article, 2018
A novel type of the resonant cold-electron bolometer (RCEB) has been realized for multichroic pixels. The internal resonance is organized by a kinetic inductance of the NbN superconducting nanostrip and a capacitance of the superconductor-insulator-normal (SIN) tunnel junctions. The basic idea of a multichroic system is to combine a wideband antenna and narrow-band RCEBs. We used a single Lambda slot with two RCEBs for 75 and 105 GHz, placed in the middle. Each RCEB included two SIN junctions with absorber connected to NbN kinetic inductance of 420 and 240 pH. SIN junctions had capacitances of 11 and 8 fF. Wave impedance of the slot antenna was near 15 Ω and resistance of the absorber was matched to this value. Matching of antenna with an external system was done by placing Si lens on the back side of a Si substrate. RF testing was done at 300 mK irradiating this chip by sweep generator from 60 to 120 GHz. The response curves showed clear resonances at 75 and 105 GHz with quality factor of 10 and 7. Kinetic inductance value was estimated at the level of 35 pH/sq. These experiments confirmed that the RCEB can be effectively used to create multiband elements.
millimeter wave detectors