Finite-frequency noise of interacting single-electron emitters: Spectroscopy with higher noise harmonics
Journal article, 2018
We derive the symmetrized current-noise spectrum of a quantum dot, which is weakly tunnel-coupled to an electron reservoir and driven by a slow time-dependent gate voltage. This setup can be operated as an on-demand emitter of single electrons into a mesoscopic conductor. By extending a real-time diagrammatic technique which is perturbative in the tunnel coupling, we obtain the time-resolved finite-frequency noise as well as its decomposition into noise harmonics in the presence of both strong Coulomb interaction and slow time-dependent driving. We investigate the noise over a large range of frequencies and point out where the interplay of Coulomb interaction and driving leads to unique signatures in finite-frequency noise spectra, in particular in the first harmonic. Besides that, we employ the first noise harmonic as a spectroscopic tool to access individual fluctuation processes. We discuss how the inverse noise frequency sets a time scale for fluctuations, which competes with time scales of the quantum-dot relaxation dynamics as well as the driving.