Crosstalk Reduction in Epimysial EMG Recordings from Transhumeral Amputees with Principal Component Analysis
Paper in proceedings, 2018
Electromyographic (EMG) recordings of muscle activity using monopolar electrodes suffer from poor spatial resolution due to the crosstalk from neighbouring muscles. This effect has mainly been studied on surface EMG recordings. Here, we use Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to reduce the crosstalk in recordings from unipolar epimysial electrodes implanted in three transhumeral amputees. We show that the PCA-transformed signals have, on average, a better signal-tonoise ratio than the original unipolar recordings. Preliminary investigations show that this transformation is stable over long periods of time. If the latter is confirmed, our results show that the combination of PCA with unipolar electrodes allows for a higher number of muscles to be targeted in an implant (compared with bipolar electrodes), thus facilitating 1-to-1 proportional control of prosthetic hands.