Passivity of austenitic stainless steels
Book chapter, 2011

Austenitic stainless steels appear to have signiŽcantly greater potential for aqueous corrosion resistance than their ferritic counterparts. This is because the three most commonly used austenite stabilizers, Ni, Mn, and N, all contribute to passivity. As in the case of ferritic stainless steel, Mo, one of the most potent alloying additions for improving corrosion resistance, can also be added to austenitic stainless steels in order to improve the stability of the passive Žlm, especially in the presence of Cl ions. The passive Žlm formed on austenitic stainless steels is often reported to be duplex, consisting of an inner barrier oxide Žlm and outer deposit hydroxide or salt Žlm.


Clive R. Clayton

Stony Brook University

Ingemar Olefjord

Corrosion Mechanisms in Theory and Practice: Third Edition


Subject Categories

Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology

Metallurgy and Metallic Materials

Corrosion Engineering

More information

Latest update