Detection of road traffic participants using cost-effective arrayed ultrasonic sensors in low-speed traffic situations
Journal article, 2019
Effective detection of traffic participants is crucial for driver assistance systems. Traffic safety data reveal that the majority of preventable pedestrian fatalities occurred at night. The lack of light at night may cause dysfunction of sensors like cameras. This paper proposes an alternative approach to detect traffic participants using cost-effective arrayed ultrasonic sensors. Candidate features were extracted from the collected episodes of pedestrians, cyclists, and vehicles. A conditional likelihood maximization method based on mutual information was employed to select an optimized subset of features from the candidates. The belonging probability to each group along with time was determined based on the accumulated object type attributes outputted from a support vector machine classifier at each time step. Results showed an overall detection accuracy of 86%, with correct detection rate of pedestrians, cyclists and vehicles around 85.7%, 76.7% and 93.1%, respectively. The time needed for detection was about 0.8 s which could be further shortened when the distance between objects and sensors was shorter. The effectiveness of arrayed ultrasonic sensors on objects detection would provide all-around-the-clock assistance in low-speed situations for driving safety.
Driver assistance systems