Coherent Diffraction Radiation of Relativistic Terahertz Pulses from a Laser-Driven Microplasma Waveguide
Journal article, 2019
We propose a method to generate isolated relativistic terahertz (THz) pulses using a high-power laser irradiating a microplasma waveguide (MPW). When the laser pulse enters the MPW, high-charge electron bunches are produced and accelerated to similar to 100 MeV by the transverse magnetic modes. A substantial part of the electron energy is transferred to THz emission through coherent diffraction radiation as the electron bunches exit the MPW. We demonstrate this process with three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations. The frequency of the radiation is determined by the incident laser duration, and the radiated energy is found to be strongly correlated to the charge of the electron bunches, which can be controlled by the laser intensity and microengineering of the MPW target. Our simulations indicate that 100 mJ level relativistic-intense THz pulses with tunable frequency can be generated at existing laser facilities, and the overall efficiency reaches 1%.
Electron energy levels
Three dimensional particle-in-cell simulations