A Novel Li+-Nafion-Sulfonated Graphene Oxide Membrane as Single Lithium-Ion Conducting Polymer Electrolyte for Lithium Batteries
Journal article, 2019

Single lithium-ion conducting polymer electrolytes are an innovative concept of solid-state polymer electrolytes (SPEs) for lithium-battery technology. In this work, a lithiated Nafion nanocomposite incorporating sulfonated graphene oxide (sGO-Li+), as well as a filler-free membrane, have been synthesized and characterized. Ionic conductivities and lithium transference number, evaluated by electrochemical techniques after membrane-swelling in organic aprotic solvents (ethylene carbonate-propylene carbonate mixture), display significant values, with sigma approximate to 5 x 10(-4) S cm(-1) at 25 degrees C and t(Li+) close to unity. The absence of solvent leaching on thermal cycles is also noteworthy. The description at molecular level of the lithium transport mechanism has been carefully tackled through a systematic study by Li-7 NMR spectroscopy (pulsed field gradient-PFG and relaxation times), while the mechanical properties of the film electrolytes have been evaluated by dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) in a wide temperature range. The electrochemical performances of the graphene-based electrolyte in Li/Li symmetric cells and in secondary cells using LiFePO4 as positive electrode show good compatibility and functionality with the Li-metal anode by forming a stable interphase, as well as displaying promising performance in galvanostatic cells.


Isabella Nicotera

University of Calabria

Cataldo Simari

University of Calabria

Marco Agostini

Chalmers, Physics, Materials Physics

Apostolos Enotiadis

University of Ioannina

Sergio Brutti

Sapienza University of Rome

Journal of Physical Chemistry C

1932-7447 (ISSN) 1932-7455 (eISSN)

Vol. 123 45 27406-27416

Subject Categories

Inorganic Chemistry

Materials Chemistry



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