Beneficial land use change: Strategic expansion of new biomass plantations can reduce environmental impacts from EU agriculture
Journal article, 2020

Society faces the double challenge of increasing biomass production to meet the future demands for food, materials and bioenergy, while addressing negative impacts of current (and future) land use. In the discourse, land use change (LUC) has often been considered as negative, referring to impacts of deforestation and expansion of biomass plantations. However, strategic establishment of suitable perennial production systems in agricultural landscapes can mitigate environmental impacts of current crop production, while providing biomass for the bioeconomy. Here, we explore the potential for such “beneficial LUC” in EU28. First, we map and quantify the degree of accumulated soil organic carbon losses, soil loss by wind and water erosion, nitrogen emissions to water, and recurring floods, in ∼81.000 individual landscapes in EU28. We then estimate the effectiveness in mitigating these impacts through establishment of perennial plants, in each landscape. The results indicate that there is a substantial potential for effective impact mitigation. Depending on criteria selection, 10–46% of the land used for annual crop production in EU28 is located in landscapes that could be considered priority areas for beneficial LUC. These areas are scattered all over Europe, but there are notable “hot-spots” where priority areas are concentrated, e.g., large parts of Denmark, western UK, The Po valley in Italy, and the Danube basin. While some policy developments support beneficial LUC, implementation could benefit from attempts to realize synergies between different Sustainable Development Goals, e.g., “Zero hunger”, “Clean water and sanitation”, “Affordable and Clean Energy”, “Climate Action”, and “Life on Land”.

Ecosystem services

Land use



Environmental impacts

Perennial crops


Oskar Englund

Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Physical Resource Theory

Mid Sweden University

Pål Börjesson

Lund University

Göran Berndes

Chalmers, Space, Earth and Environment, Physical Resource Theory

Nicolae Scarlat

Joint Research Centre (JRC), European Commission

Jean Francois Dallemand

Joint Research Centre (JRC), European Commission

B. Grizzetti

Joint Research Centre (JRC), European Commission

Ioannis Dimitriou

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)

Blas Mola-Yudego

University of Eastern Finland

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)

Fernando Fahl

GFT Industries Italia s.r.l

Global Environmental Change

0959-3780 (ISSN)

Vol. 60 101990

Subject Categories

Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use

Other Environmental Engineering

Environmental Sciences

Areas of Advance




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