Determination of impressed current efficiency during accelerated corrosion of reinforcement
Journal article, 2020
Impressed current technique is a widely adopted method for accelerating corrosion of steel reinforcement. The mass loss of steel can be theoretically estimated by Faraday's law with the assumption that all of the impressed current participated in the corrosion reaction. In the present study, accelerated corrosion process of reinforcing steel with impressed current was non-destructively traced by X-ray micro-computed tomography (μCT) with high accuracy. The mass loss of steel at different accelerated corrosion periods was analyzed and the efficiency of impressed current was calculated. It was found that the mass loss of steel did not always follow Faraday's law, and impressed current efficiencies varied with different corrosion periods. In the early corrosion periods, the water electrolysis occurred and lowered the current efficiency due to the high anode potential. While in the late corrosion periods, the natural corrosion caused the current efficiency to exceed 100%.
X-ray micro-computed tomography