Spatio-temporal aspects of the interplay of cancer and the immune system
Journal article, 2019
The conventional mean-field kinetic models describing the interplay of cancer and the immune system are temporal and predict exponential growth or elimination of the population of tumour cells provided their number is small and their effect on the immune system is negligible. More complex kinetics are associated with non-linear features of the response of the immune system. The generic model presented in this communication takes into account that the rates of the birth and death of tumour cells inside a tumour spheroid can significantly depend on the radial coordinate due to diffusion limitations in the supply of nutrients and/or transport of the species (cells and proteins) belonging to the immune system. In this case, non-trivial kinetic regimes are shown to be possible even without appreciable perturbation of the immune system.