Α higher ratio of serum uric acid to serum creatinine could predict the risk of total and cause specific mortality- insight from a US national survey
Journal article, 2021

Introduction:
The link between serum uric acid to serum creatinine ratio (SUA/SCr) and mortality has not been studied yet.
Methods:
We prospectively evaluated the association between SUA/SCr and risk of total and cause specific [cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer] mortality by applying on the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES, 1999–2010). Vital status through December 31, 2011 was ascertained. Adjusted Cox proportional hazard regression models were performed to determine the links between SUA/SCr and mortality.
Results:
Overall, 20,209 individuals were included (mean age = 47.5 years, 48.9% men) and 3523 deaths occurred during the 76.4 months of follow-up. In a fully adjusted model, individuals in the fourth (Q4) and third (Q3) quartile of SUA/SCr had a 44 and 35% greater risk of total mortality [risk ratio (RR): 1.44 (95% confidence interval, 95%CI: 1.05–1.98) and 1.35 (1.10–1.66), respectively], as well as a 69 and 47% higher risk of CVD death [RR: 1.69 (1.09–2.62) and 1.47 (1.14–1.89), respectively] compared with the lowest (Q1) quartile. With regard to SUA/SCr and cancer mortality, a significant association was found only between participants in Q4 and those in Q1 [RR: 1.12 (1.06–1.19)] in the partially adjusted model, whereas this relationship became non-significant after further adjustments [RR: 1.15 (0.96–1.39)].
Conclusions:
This is the first time that SUA/SCr has been associated with total and cause specific mortality in a large, representative sample of US adults. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings and establish their clinical implications.

Cancer

Cardiovascular disease

Mortality

Serum uric acid

Serum creatinine

Author

Mohsen Mazidi

Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Food and Nutrition Science

Niki Katsiki

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

Maciej Banach

Medical University of Lodz

Polish Mother’s Memorial Hospital Research Institute

University of Zielona Góra

International Journal of Cardiology

0167-5273 (ISSN)

Vol. 326 189-193

Subject Categories

Environmental Health and Occupational Health

Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Nutrition and Dietetics

DOI

10.1016/j.ijcard.2020.05.098

PubMed

32535029

More information

Latest update

2/26/2021