Bacterial Nanocellulose in Dentistry: Perspectives and Challenges
Review article, 2020

Bacterial cellulose (BC) is a natural polymer that has fascinating attributes, such as biocompatibility, low cost, and ease of processing, being considered a very interesting biomaterial due to its options for moldability and combination. Thus, BC-based compounds (for example, BC/collagen, BC/gelatin, BC/fibroin, BC/chitosan, etc.) have improved properties and/or functionality, allowing for various biomedical applications, such as artificial blood vessels and microvessels, artificial skin, and wounds dressing among others. Despite the wide applicability in biomedicine and tissue engineering, there is a lack of updated scientific reports on applications related to dentistry, since BC has great potential for this. It has been used mainly in the regeneration of periodontal tissue, surgical dressings, intraoral wounds, and also in the regeneration of pulp tissue. This review describes the properties and advantages of some BC studies focused on dental and oral applications, including the design of implants, scaffolds, and wound-dressing materials, as well as carriers for drug delivery in dentistry. Aligned to the current trends and biotechnology evolutions, BC-based nanocomposites offer a great field to be explored and other novel features can be expected in relation to oral and bone tissue repair in the near future.

tissue engineering

bacterial cellulose

guided tissue regeneration

biomaterials

nanocomposites

Author

Hélida Gomes de Oliveira Barud

LTDA

Robson Rosa Da Silva

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry, Kasper Moth-Poulsen Group

Marco Antonio Costa Borges

University of Araraquara

Guillermo Raul Castro

National University of La Plata

Sidney J.L. Ribeiro

Institute of Chemistry

Hernane da Silva Barud

University of Araraquara

Molecules

1420-3049 (ISSN)

Vol. 26 1

Subject Categories

Textile, Rubber and Polymeric Materials

Biomaterials Science

Medical Materials

DOI

10.3390/molecules26010049

PubMed

33374301

More information

Latest update

1/18/2021