Study of the impact of aeration on the lubricant behavior in a tapered roller bearing: Innovative numerical modelling and validation via particle image velocimetry
Journal article, 2022

The air-lubricant interaction causes aeration which influences lubrication mechanisms in rolling-element-bearings. The goal of this paper is to develop a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model capable to take into consideration aeration. A new solver was implemented in the open-source environment OpenFOAMĀ®. A dip lubricated tapered-roller-bearing was simulated with the new and a standard solver. The numerical predictions were compared with experimental data acquired on a dedicated test rig exploiting Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). The comparison of the standard predictions and the experimental data for high shaft rotational speeds (higher level of aeration) shows discrepant results. On the other hand, the solver that takes aeration into account leads to results which are comparable to the experimental ones in all rotational ranges investigated via PIV.






Tapered roller bearing


Lorenzo Maccioni

Free University of Bozen-Bolzano

Valery Chernoray

Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences (M2), Fluid Dynamics

Marco Nicola Mastrone

Free University of Bozen-Bolzano

Christof Bohnert

Schaeffler Technologies

Franco Concli

Free University of Bozen-Bolzano

Tribology International

0301-679X (ISSN)

Vol. 165 107301

Areas of Advance


Subject Categories

Applied Mechanics

Vehicle Engineering

Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics


Chalmers Laboratory of Fluids and Thermal Sciences



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