Validity and reliability of the Muscle Function Scale, aimed to assess the lateral flexors of the neck in infants
Journal article, 2009

Infants with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) often have an imbalance in muscle function in the lateral flexors of the neck and the need for a valid and reliable assessment tool to determine muscle function in these muscles is essential. The lateral up righting response is used to examine and to strengthen the Sternocleidomastoid muscle. A muscle function scale (MFS) has been refined and used for several years in a clinic for infants with CMT. The MFS describes an infant’s muscle function in the lateral flexors of the neck through ordered categorical scores. The aim of this study was to find out if the Muscle Function Scale (MFS) is valid and reliable. A panel of experts examined validity, Kappa statistic and intraclass correlation coefficient was calculated for inter-rater and intra-rater reliability. Conclusion: The MFS is found to be a valid tool to measure the muscle function of the lateral flexors of the neck in infants with CMT. The inter-rater and intra-rater reliability is high for both novice and experienced physiotherapists (kappa >0.9, ICC >0.9).


Anna Öhman

University of Gothenburg

Staffan Nilsson

Chalmers, Mathematical Sciences, Mathematical Statistics

University of Gothenburg

Eva Beckung

University of Gothenburg

Physiotherapy Theory and Practice

0959-3985 (ISSN)

Vol. 25 2 129-137

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