Influence of androgen receptor repeat polymorphisms on personality traits in men
Journal article, 2009

Background Testosterone has been attributed importance for various aspects of behaviour. The aim of our study was to investigate the potential influence of 2 functional polymorphisms in the amino terminal of the androgen receptor on personality traits in men. Methods We assessed and genotyped 141 men born in 1944 recruited from the general population. We used 2 different instruments: the Karolinska Scales of Personality and the Temperament and Character Inventory. For replication, we similarly assessed 63 men recruited from a forensic psychiatry study group. Results In the population-recruited sample, the lengths of the androgen receptor repeats were associated with neuroticism, extraversion and self-transcendence. The association with extraversion was replicated in the independent sample. Limitations Our 2 samples differed in size; sample 1 was of moderate size and sample 2 was small. In addition, the homogeneity of sample 1 probably enhanced our ability to detect significant associations between genotype and phenotype. Conclusion Our results suggest that the repeat polymorphisms in the androgen receptor gene may influence personality traits in men.


Lars Westberg

University of Gothenburg

Susanne Henningsson

University of Gothenburg

Mikael Landén

Karolinska Institutet

Kristina Annerbrink

University of Gothenburg

Jonas Melke

University of Gothenburg

Staffan Nilsson

Chalmers, Mathematical Sciences, Mathematical Statistics

University of Gothenburg

Roland Rosmond

University of Gothenburg

Göran Holm

University of Gothenburg

Henrik Söderström

Lund University

Elias Eriksson

University of Gothenburg

Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience

1180-4882 (ISSN) 1488-2434 (eISSN)

Vol. 34 3 205-213

Subject Categories

Pharmaceutical Sciences




More information

Latest update

3/2/2018 9