Time - A key issue for musculoskeletal health and manufacturing
Journal article, 2007

Time is a key issue for both ergonomists and engineers when they engage in production system interventions. While not their primary purpose, the actions of engineers have major effects on biomechanical exposure; possibly of much greater magnitude than many ergonomics interventions. This paper summarises the aims, actions and tools of engineers and ergonomists, emphasising time-related outcomes. Activities of the two groups when attempting to manipulate time aspects of work may be contradictory; engineers wishing to improve production and ergonomists aiming at better health as well as contributing to production. Consequently, tools developed by ergonomists for assessing time aspects of work describe rest patterns, movement velocities or daily duration of exposures, while engineering tools emphasise time-efficient production. The paper identifies measures that could be used to communicate time-relevant information between engineers and ergonomists. Further cooperation between these two stakeholders as well as research on the topic are needed to enable ergonomists to have a larger impact on the design of production systems.

design

LOW-BACK-PAIN

LOAD

SHOULDER DISORDERS

REPETITIVE WORK

INDUSTRY

ASSEMBLY

time variation

ERGONOMICS

risk factors

production system

BASIS KNOWLEDGE-BASE

mechanical exposure

engineers

ergonomists

WORK

MECHANICAL JOB EXPOSURE

RISK-FACTORS

Author

R. Wells

University of Waterloo

Institute for Work and Health Toronto

S. E. Mathiassen

University of Gävle

Lars Medbo

Chalmers, Technology Management and Economics, Logistics & Transportation

Jörgen Winkel

University of Gothenburg

Applied Ergonomics

0003-6870 (ISSN)

Vol. 38 6 733-744

Subject Categories

Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics

DOI

10.1016/j.apergo.2006.12.003

More information

Latest update

1/9/2019 2