Discreteness effects in LambdaCDM simulations: A wavelet-statistical view
Journal article, 2008
The effects of particle discreteness in N-body LambdaCDM simulations are still an intensively debated issue. In this paper we explore such effects, taking into account the scatter caused by the randomness of the initial conditions and focusing on the statistical properties of the cosmological density field. For this purpose, we run large sets of LambdaCDM simulations and analyze them using a wide variety of diagnostics, including new and powerful wavelet statistics. Among other facts, we point out (1) that dynamical evolution does not propagate discreteness noise up from the small scales at which it is introduced and (2) that one should aim to satisfy the condition ε~2d, where ε is the force resolution and d is the interparticle distance. We clarify what such a condition means and how to implement it in modern cosmological codes.