Hydration, Structure, and Superconductivity of KOs2O6·nH2O
Journal article, 2008

In moist air or by contact with water during washing, KOs2O6 absorbs water molecules into the structure to produce KOs2O6·nH2O, 0 < n < 0.1. This water is reversibly lost on heating above ∼430 K in flowing or static gas environments. Variable temperature powder neutron and X-ray diffraction show that an increase in lattice parameter occurs when water enters the pyrochlore structure and the water molecules are located in the α cages displacing a portion of the potassium ions to adjacent sites. On removing water the lattice parameter and structure revert to those of the normal β-pyrochlore crystallographic description. Hydration has the effect of reducing the onset of superconducting behavior from a critical temperature of 10.25 K in fully dry KOs2O6 to 9.75 K in KOs2O6·0.1H2O.


R. Galati

C. Simon

Christopher Knee

University of Gothenburg

P. F. Henry

B. D. Rainford

M. T. Weller

Chemistry of Materials

Vol. 20 4 1652-1659

Subject Categories

Chemical Sciences



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